Looking back, every invention that humanity enjoys today has a name and a surname. There has always been a human mind to conceive them. But now even robots and AI can have new ideas. To whom are these innovations to be attributed?
It is a nice headache. On which, however, Europe has already been very clear for a very specific reason. But above all there was a very curious case that caused much discussion.
It is that of Dabus AI: Device autonomously bootstrapping uniform sensitivity.
It is only the first of a long series that we will see in the coming years. Because society is becoming more and more mixed: humans and intelligent machines.
But above all, companies are increasingly making use of artificial intelligence and robots capable of being autonomous and performing crazy calculations. A way to make activities more functional and efficient.
Imagine, for example, if in 20 or 30 years these supercomputers will be able to devise a new business project. Or invent a new drug or a new technology.
In short, we are facing a totally new and unimaginable scenario.
But let’s get into the details now.
AN UNIQUE CONTAINER OF DRINKS IN THE WORLD
You may wonder what a container of drinks has to do with all of the above. And in fact the question is there. But instead everything comes from this object.
“This kitchen container is precisely the idea developed by Dabus.”
And it is probably the first case in the world in which a computer invents something new. Also for this invention someone has applied for a patent in the name of Dabus.
But what specifically is this artificial mind that is so intelligent that it invents things?
Dabus is a very complex algorithmic system from a technical and IT point of view. It is a surprising concentration of synthetic imagination at the service of the man who has super performance.
The algorithm works thanks to a double system of sophisticated neural networks.
Neural networks are nothing more than a particular artificial intelligence: because the computer machine that performs the calculations is based on the model and functioning of the biological brain of man.
That is, a computer has been built that processes calculations in a similar way to how the neurons in our head do it. And the algorithm is handed over to this super machine.
This allows Debus to generate ideas. And to analyze them critically. Up to the point of evaluating the applicative consequences of the inventions he brings out.
The result is that this smart calculator – Dabus – is today the father of two things created from scratch:
– a special beverage container
– a system of fractal light signals
But will they ever be…
SMART AS A CREATIVE ARTIST?
Much has changed in the evolution of artificial intelligence, from its first applications to today, in the method of processing algorithms.
There are three types of learning:
1. From supervised learning
2. We have moved on to unsupervised learning
3. And reinforcement learning
In other words, more simply said at the beginning, AI was a purely mathematical method: it carried out calculations thanks to the insertion of predetermined data.
Then evolution led to the integration of AI in robots for example. And these have replaced man in some mechanical tasks.
Finally, today they are able to do more dynamic processing.
“Artificial intelligence can be understood as a real autonomous intelligence: with the ability to extrapolate from the knowledge of some data solutions for problems that the system has never faced.”
And therefore we can say that by managing to do all this they can apply and reconcile those skills with more creative aspects.
For this last process the neural networks that I explained above are fundamental:
– They can recognize images, voices and paths.
– Learning from results and external forces information.
– They produce innovative answers.
– And therefore they are a method for developing creative solutions as well.
All of this may lead you to assume that these future artificial brains may indeed be geniuses. Or the artists or who knows what else. Minds to develop the policy to lead a country for example.
The answer to this question is difficult. I am an almost millionaire Italian entrepreneur and how many times I wish I could anticipate the future of the economy. Instead, every year you have to model and adapt to reality.
But I am convinced that the machines created by us will never be able to replace man in some of his functions.
While a closer and more real problem is whether each invention bears the signature of the robots or who owns the robot.
According to the westernmost countries in the world…
AI DOES NOT ENJOY RIGHTS IN EUROPE NOR IN THE STATES; BUT NOT IN AUSTRALIA
Despite having worked personally on the creation of Dabus, engineer Thaler denies the authorship of the AI inventions:
“Attributing the ideas to myself rather than to the machine involves an evident falsification of reality as the intellectual effort on the founds was not mine but of the algorithmic system.”
But Europe doesn’t give a damn about this. Which is the first that has been faced with such a question. Not simple, it must be said.
The point is that according to those governments, as an artificial product, Dabus does not legally enjoy any direct rights in Europe and the United States. And therefore he cannot be declared the inventor of any discovery.
The US Patent and Trademark Office (Uspto) and the European one (Epo) said this
That is, the actual owner of the invention must be an object that can legitimately claim the rights associated with it. And so he can only do it one person and not a machine.
South Africa thinks differently, which has recognized ownership of Dabus and Australia. For this last continent, the news is very fresh.
The Australian Federal Court has ruled that even an AI machine can be classified as the inventor.
Because in their law there is no specific provision that excludes the possibility that an AI machine can be qualified as an “inventor”.
And while I’m enjoying a cup of excellent hot coffee as I write like a mule to the computer, I add one last quote that is really enlightening about Australia.
According to the Court, given that the purpose of local patent protection law is to promote:
“Economic well-being through technological innovation and the transfer and dissemination of technology.”
Excluding the ideas made by artificial intelligence would be inconsistent with this purpose.
Now if you read cool things to tell friends and have fun with absurd things follow my Twitter profile
https://twitter.com/SirNickNite It will soon become one of the most controversial and crazy profiles.
Nico Nobili—Alias SirNickNite
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