How would you feel if you knew that everything you do and the experiences you have with your family and your behaviors are monitored and evaluated by those who govern you? And that based on this you are given a social score that tells you whether or not you will have access to certain services?
This is already happening in China. With a social credit system, Chinese citizens are also registered on the basis of economic conditions.
Europe wants to avoid this dangerous drift to which artificial intelligence could lead. And it was the first in the world to try to set rules and sanctions against the misuse of this technology.
And the dangerous uses are different: there are also others that concern private companies. I am going to list them all, that is, those taken into consideration by the European law proposal.
For example, Community MEPs have called for a ban on private facial recognition databases and behavioral policing along with the social scoring system.
And above all the use of facial recognition for border control or in public spaces.
In short: artificial intelligence is OK. It is not okay to live in George Orwell’s Big Brother in his novel “1984”, to control and make distinctions between people.
Our privacy is at stake. That of your family and your children. It is an equal and equal society for all.
Imagine that your neighbors know everything about you. About your problems and your bank account. They would have enormous power over you and harm themselves.
Same thing if the government or the big companies that sell online had the opportunity to know your habits, preferences and problems.
It would be like playing cat and mouse. Thus, the deputies of Europe have called for strong laws to protect citizens when the tools of artificial intelligence are used in a way that tramples on fundamental human rights.
THIS IS ABSOLUTELY PROHIBITED
The bill lists some functions that just can’t be done with AI.
This is because Europe fears a very high risk to our security.
– First of all when governments transform AI to create a social profile. The so-called “social score”.
As I explained above:
“A way of obtaining an assessment of the behavior of individuals from the authorities (such as the state police). A social scoring.”
– According to the use of remote biometric identification systems made in real time.
They are especially prohibited in spaces accessible to the public for the purposes of law enforcement (with certain exceptions).
– Third, subliminal techniques aimed at madly altering a person’s behavior in a harmful way.
Yes, AI can do this too. Incredible right?
WHEN THERE IS A HIGH RISK FOR PEOPLE
The regulation proposed by the European Parliament establishes this specific category for high-risk AI systems.
That is, it is the technologies that could cause harm: their use is okay only in the presence of a security check.
Among these are:
– Credit scoring; that is, how much a person is financially at risk. Maybe if he has more than one mortgage and is able to pay it or not. Or if it has defaulted on some loan in the past.
– AI systems related to essential public infrastructures: such as justice and social security.
– And medical devices and other regulated devices, and transportation systems.
All these examples fall into two categories into which they have been divided. One of the two is very important.
I’m talking about biometric identification systems both in real-time and in retrospect.
“Biometric identification is a system based on a mathematical algorithm that does an apparently cool thing: it identifies a person based on some of his main physiological and behavioral characteristics.”
Like Shazam for music. Don’t tell me you don’t know what Shazam is!
You know, that application that many have on their smartphone: if you are at a Café and on the radio you hear a song you like but you don’t know, you activate that app and she tells you the title of the song because she can recognize it. She has them all filed in an archive.
It is a bit more complicated but this is how the identification of artificial intelligence would work. For example, through the CCTV cameras of a building. It just goes against people’s privacy.
And above all the fundamental rights of individuals.
The last thing about high-risk systems is that:
The proposed regulation for AI provides for a series of checks to be carried out on these high-risk algorithms by the provider. If all this becomes law it will be an obligation.
WHOEVER TRIES TO PLAY GAMES WILL BE HEAVILY FINED
There are three last important cornerstones that Europe wants.
“Do you know that if the EU succeeds in making all this law, it could be the first in the world to establish a global standard on rules for AI?”
The EU is certainly far ahead of the US in this area.
But I come to the last points:
1. The proposed regulation provides for the establishment of a European committee for artificial intelligence.
Its function will be to offer advice and assistance to the European Commission for everything related to AI.
In short, experts not only on how the new algorithms work but also on how to limit them and make them work for the good of citizens.
2. The member states of Europe will then have to establish competent national authorities.
Their task will be that of national control and to give guidance and advice to put European laws into practice.
And then there are bad (and very fair) sanctions…
3. Failure to comply with the regulation on AI leads to high penalties against the crafty ones. There are more cases.
“It ranges from 10 to 30 million euros depending on the nature of the violation). Or a turnover-based fine; 2% to 6% of the previous annual financial turnover.”
And this is all…
In this way, will the EU be able to lead the way for all the other countries in the world and pull a global standard of rules for AI out of the hat?
I can’t tell. But it is a fact that is moving ahead. And it’s good.
Because artificial intelligence is the basis for innovation and future profit. And on this I agree. Companies will have great benefits with algorithms. And they can have them even without harming people’s privacy.
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